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English Grammar

Past Perfect Verb Tense Chart


Positive Sentences

Subject + Auxiliary Verb + Main Verb + _________.

Grammar Rules:

  • Auxiliary Verb - the past tense of the verb "have" (had ) is used.
  • Main Verb
    • Regular Verbs - -ed is added to the base form of the verb.
    • Irregular Verbs - use -ed/V3-past participle, see irregular verb chart.
Subject Auxiliary Verb Main Verb
1st Person I had stamped the letter, and sent it for you.
2nd Person We had read the books form the library, and returned them last week
3st Person Singular Julie had finished her work, so she went home.
3st Person Plural The children had finished school, before I came home.


Negative Sentences

Subject + Auxiliary Verb + Not + Main Verb + _________.

Grammar Rules:

  • Auxiliary Verb - the past tense of "have" (had) is used.
  • "Not" - is added after the auxiliary verb "have".
  • Main Verb
    • Regular Verbs - -ed is added to the base form of the verb.
    • Irregular Verbs - use -ed/V3-past participle, see irregular verb chart.
Subject Auxiliary Verb Not Main Verb
1st Person I had not lived in New York, before, I moved to Paris.
2nd Person You had not studied enough, so you failed your exam.
3rd Person Singular He had not stopped at the store, before he came home.
3rd Person Plural Julie and Grandpa had not slept well. They were very tired in the morning.


Questions

Auxiliary Verb + Subject + Main Verb + _________.

Grammar Rules:

  • Auxiliary Verb - the past tense of "have" (had) is used.
  • Subject - the subject comes after the auxiliary verb "have" (had).
  • Auxiliary Verb - the V3/past participle form of the verb "to be" (been) is used.
  • Main Verb
    • Regular Verbs - -ed is added to the base form of the verb.
    • Irregular Verbs - use -ed/V3-past participle, see irregular verb chart.
Auxiliary Verb Subject Main Verb
1st Person Singular Had I paid the bills?
2nd Person Had we met at work?
3nd Person Singular Had your mother worked in town?
3nd Person Plural Had the dogs eaten dinner?


Past Simple Tense

Past Simple Tense

Past Simple Tense Chart

Past Simple Tense Exercise 1

Past Simple Tense Exercise 2

Past Simple Tense & Present Perfect Tense

Past Continuous Tense