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English Grammar

Past Perfect Verb Tense Chart


Past Perfect Verb Tense Structure

Subject

+

Auxiliary Verb

+

Main Verb +-ing

-

=

-

had

Verb + -ed/V3-past participle

-

Grammar rules for the past perfect tense:

The past tense of the auxiliary verb "have" is used (had).

The main verb uses the verb form past participle/V3 or -ed is added to main verb.

  • Regular verbs add --ed to the verbs base form.
  • Irregular verbs see verb chart past participle/V3

Negative statements - "not" is added between the auxiliary verb "have" (had) and the main verb.

Questions - The verb "to be" comes first, then the subject.

Using adverbs is optional. Adverbs come before the main verb in the sentence.

Past Perfect Verb Tense Chart

-

Subject

Auxiliary Verb

-

Main Verb

-

+

I

had

-

stamped

your letter, and then sent it for you.

We

had

-

read

the books form the library, and returned them last week.

She

had

-

played

outside for an hour.

-

I

had

not

lived

in New York, before, I moved to Paris.

You

had

not

studied

very much, that is why you failed your test.

He

had

not

eaten

all day, so when he got home was hungry.

?

Had

the dog

 

gone

to the vet. He was very sick for last week.

Had

you

 

called

your teacher. She left you a message a few days ago.

Had

she

 

cleaned

the house yesterday, because we had a party.


Past Simple Tense

Past Continuous Verb Tense

Past Perfect Tense

Past Perfect Continuous Verb Tense